2024 Dermnet -  · Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis is an uncommon skin condition characterised by fever and inflamed or blistered skin and mucosal lesions. Neutrophilic dermatoses are autoinflammatory conditions often associated with systemic disease. Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis also has the eponymous …

 
Dercum disease is also known as adiposis dolorosa. It is a rare disease characterised by a combination of features: Multiple encapsulated fat overgrowths ( lipomas) on the trunk and limbs. Painful subcutaneous plaques. Ecchymoses (bruises) without noticed trauma. Dercum disease may be associated with …. Dermnet

Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is an inflammatoryimmunobullous disease of the skin and a cutaneousmanifestation of coeliac (celiac) disease, a gluten-sensitive enteropathy. The name herpetiformis is derived from the tendency for blisters to appear in clusters, resembling herpes simplex. However, DH is not due to viral infection. Brachioradial pruritus presents as itch without rash, most commonly on the proximal forearm in the C6 distribution overlying the brachioradial muscle. It may be unilateral or bilateral, and may extend to adjacent dermatomes or skin sites, such as the shoulders, back, and chest. Secondary changes due to scratching and rubbing may include ... The solar (actinic) keratosis is the most common precursor lesion for squamous cell carcinoma. Histologically, atypical keratinocytes are found in the basal layer of the epidermis. Actinic keratoses are found on sun-exposed sites, mainly face, ears and hands. They are often multiple and have a hard scaly surface without induration (which would ...What is a digital myxoid pseudocyst? A digital myxoid pseudocyst is a shiny papule found at the end of a finger or toe, close to the nail. It is called a pseudocyst because it is not surrounded by a capsule, unlike a true cyst. It is also called a myxoid cyst, a mucous cyst, a digital ganglion cyst, and a digital synovial cyst.Henoch–Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a form of leukocytoclastic or small-vessel vasculitis, most often observed in children. It is sometimes called anaphylactoid purpura. HSP results from inflammation of the small blood vessels in the skin and various other tissues within the body. HSP generally affects children, but it may …Guttate psoriasis is a clinical diagnosis, aided by dermoscopy, which can be confirmed on skin biopsy. Examination and investigations should include a search for streptococcal infection. Tests may include: Swabs for bacteriology. Blood tests — Anti-streptolysin O titre (ASOT), anti-DNase B titre.Erythema multiforme is an immune-mediated, typically self-limiting, mucocutaneous condition characterised by ‘target’ lesions . Significant mucosal involvement distinguishes erythema multiforme major from multiforme minor. Episodes can be isolated, recurrent, or persistent. In most cases, erythema multiforme is precipitated by herpes ...Melasma is a common acquired skin disorder that presents as a bilateral, blotchy, brownish facial pigmentation. This form of facial pigmentation was previously called chloasma, but as this derives from the Greek meaning ‘to become green’, the term melasma (brown skin) is preferred. It was also known as the ‘mask of pregnancy’.Anogenital warts are an infection caused by specific human papillomavirus types, most commonly HPV types 6 and 11. Warts will usually appear three to six months after infection but they may appear months or even years later. Anogenital warts are usually a sexually transmitted infection (STI).A fibrous papule of the nose is a common and harmless skin lesion. It is a firm solitary papule that occurs on or around the nose and has a characteristic appearance under the microscope. A fibrous papule of the nose may also be known as a fibrous papule of the face, solitary angiofibroma, or sporadic angiofibroma.Pityriasis alba is a common skin disorder in children (90%) and young adults. It is particularly prevalent in atopics. It is characterised by one or more flaky pink patches and hypopigmentation. The patches are often found on the cheeks and upper arms and are more noticeable in darker skinned children. It is generally asymptomatic.Context 1. ... pruning, 21,844 images in 622 sub-classes remained. Distribution of DermNet dataset used in this work is given in Table 1. The second dataset is an online archive of …Dermoscopy quiz (2 of 3) Dermoscopy quiz (3 of 3) Different causes of purpura – 10 cases. Eczema – 14 cases. Fungal infections – 12 cases. Hair loss – 14 cases. Irritant contact dermatitis – 12 cases. Irritating skin problems affecting the axilla – 10 cases. Leg rashes and unwell – 10 cases.A full medical and focussed cutaneous history should be followed by brief examination of relevant sites. The most common scalp symptoms are: Itch. Soreness. Scale /flaking. Pustules /sores. Itch may be associated with the majority of skin conditions in the scalp. Soreness is less frequent.Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia (CCCA) is a form of scarring alopecia on the scalp that results in permanent hair loss. It is the most common form of scarring hair loss seen in black women. However, it may be seen in men and among persons of all races and hair colour (though rarely). Middle-aged women are most commonly affected. Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch ", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch is followed some time later, typically two weeks or so, by the development of smaller scaly oval red patches, resembling a Christmas tree ... What is a digital myxoid pseudocyst? A digital myxoid pseudocyst is a shiny papule found at the end of a finger or toe, close to the nail. It is called a pseudocyst because it is not surrounded by a capsule, unlike a true cyst. It is also called a myxoid cyst, a mucous cyst, a digital ganglion cyst, and a digital synovial cyst.Skin cancers are malignant tumours in which there is an uncontrolled proliferation of any one of the many skin cell types, whereas the normal process of regeneration of skin involves replication of the cells in a controlled fashion. Each subtype of skin cancer has unique characteristics. The most common forms of skin cancer are: …Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) is an uncommon cutaneous rash of uncertain aetiology . The acute form, pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), and the chronic form, pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC), sit at either end of a disease spectrum with many patients showing overlapping features. The eponym Mucha–Habermann disease is ... Treatment for acne depends on the patient's age and sex, the extent and the severity of the acne, how long it has been present, and response to previous treatments. Treatment for mild acne includes topical anti-acne preparations, lasers and lights. Treatment for moderate acne includes antibiotics such as tetracyclines and/or antiandrogens such ... On DermNet NZ. View pictures of atopic dermatitis in the gallery below. Atopic dermatitis, also called atopic eczema, is the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide and presents as generalised skin dryness, itch, and rash.Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is an inflammatoryimmunobullous disease of the skin and a cutaneousmanifestation of coeliac (celiac) disease, a gluten-sensitive enteropathy. The name herpetiformis is derived from the tendency for blisters to appear in clusters, resembling herpes simplex. However, DH is not due to viral infection. Scalp psoriasis is a skin condition characterised by red, thickened, well- demarcated patches or plaques with overlying silvery-white scales, affecting part or all of the scalp. It can be contained within the hairline, though frequently affects the back of the head, or extends onto the forehead ( facial psoriasis ), ears, or neck. Carotenoderma is due to carotenaemia. Primary carotenaemia is usually due to excessive intake of carotenoid-containing foods or supplements. Carotene is found in all pigmented fruits and vegetables. High levels are associated with a deep yellow, orange, or green colour. Examples of fruit and vegetables with a high β-carotene content include ...A venous lake is a soft, squashable, blue or purple macule or papule, that is 0.2–1 cm in diameter. Although they may arise anywhere, most venous lakes are diagnosed on the lower lip (on the vermilion margin or mucosal surface), on an earlobe, or elsewhere on the face, neck, or upper trunk.Omalizumab is a humanised monoclonal antibody ( biological treatment) that binds to circulating immunoglobulin E ( IgE) and reduces the release of inflammatory mediators from mast cells and basophils. In New Zealand, it is currently (as of 2020) licensed as an add-on therapy for patients with severe, persistent allergic asthma and for patients ... · Diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP), also known as diphencyprone, is an experimental sensitising agent used by some dermatology centres to treat skin conditions by contact immunotherapy. Diphenylcyclopropenone is most often used to treat alopecia areata. Diphenylcyclopropenone is made up in acetone.The mottled appearance of cutis marmorata is caused by superficial small blood vessels in the skin dilating and contracting at the same time. Dilation creates the red colour of the skin whilst contraction produces a pale appearance. This phenomenon is most pronounced when the skin is cooled. The reasons for the reaction are not fully understood.Aug 10, 2015 · Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic scarring skin condition. It is the most common form of cutaneous lupus. DLE is a sub-type of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. It is characterised by persistent scaly plaques on the scalp, face, and ears which subsequently can progress to … Sydenham chorea – This is a disorder of the nervous system characterised by personality changes, muscle weakness, and involuntary movements. Erythema marginatum rheumaticum – This is a characteristic type of annular erythema that occurs in about 10% of first attacks of ARF in children; it is very rare in adults. Narrowband ultraviolet B (UVB) (311–312 nm wavelengths) is also known as TL01 light therapy (after the type of fluorescent tubes used). Narrowband UVB is particularly effective in thin chronic plaque psoriasis and guttate psoriasis, especially in the winter months. It is generally felt to be safe and well-tolerated.Different. D is for Different.. Most people have a 'signature naevus' - all their melanocytic naevi resemble each other. A melanoma appears unique and very different from the patient’s other lesions.. A pigmented lesion that is obviously different from the others is sometimes called an 'ugly duckling', 'black sheep', …Definition. Dermatology is the medical discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair, and nails in both children and adults. Specialists in dermatology are called dermatologists.. The New Zealand Dermatological Society’s definition is comprehensive: “Dermatology involves but is not limited to study, research, …Dyskeratosis congenita. Fungal nail infections. Habit-tic nail deformity. Leukonychia. Lichen planus nail images. Median canaliform nail dystrophy. Medical nail avulsion. Melanonychia. Melanoma of nail unit. Pityriasis versicolor affects the trunk, neck, and/or arms, and is uncommon on other parts of the body. The patches may be coppery brown, paler than surrounding skin, or pink. Pale patches may be more common in darker skin; this appearance is known as pityriasis versicolor alba. Sometimes the patches start scaly and brown, and then resolve ...  · Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause chickenpox in the fetus or newborn.A full medical and focussed cutaneous history should be followed by brief examination of relevant sites. The most common scalp symptoms are: Itch. Soreness. Scale /flaking. Pustules /sores. Itch may be associated with the majority of skin conditions in the scalp. Soreness is less frequent.DermNetNZ offers a student resource centre with quizzes, cases, and articles on dermatology topics. Sign up for the mailing list to get updates and follow DermNetNZ on …Skin as a barrier. Skin is the largest organ of the human body and comprises three major layers; epidermis, dermis, and subcutis [see Structure of normal skin]. One vital function of the skin is to form an effective barrier between the organism and the environment. It maintains an ‘inside-outside’ barrier regulating water loss, and an …Treatment for acne depends on the patient's age and sex, the extent and the severity of the acne, how long it has been present, and response to previous treatments. Treatment for mild acne includes topical anti-acne preparations, lasers and lights. Treatment for moderate acne includes antibiotics such as tetracyclines and/or …Dupilumab (Dupixent ®; Sanofi, Paris, France; Regeneron, New York, USA) is a fully human monoclonal antibody, which has shown significant efficacy and a favourable safety profile in moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis alone and in combination with topical corticosteroids. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Dupixent ® as a ...Pustules are smaller than 5–10 mm, and filled with pus, that is, purulent material composed of inflammatory cells ( neutrophils ). Pus can indicate bacterial, fungal or viral infection. Some pustules are sterile and are due to inflammatory skin disease. This topic provides a differential diagnosis of pustular skin conditions.Dermatoporosis is a term used to describe chronic cutaneous insufficiency and fragility associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing. The features of dermatoporosis include: Skin fragility and atrophy. Senile purpura. Stellate pseudoscars (star-shaped white patches) Non-healing atrophic ulcers.Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment used mainly for superficial types of skin cancer. PDT is effective in treating actinic keratoses, in situ squamous cell carcinoma (Bowen disease), and superficial basal cell carcinomas. It may also be used for treatment of small, thin, low-risk nodular basal cell carcinomas outside of the head …It affects the superficial layers of the epidermis and is typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta – haemolytic streptococci (GABHS)). It can be classified into non- bullous (also known as ‘school sores’) and bullous impetigo. Ecthyma is a deep form of impetigo causing deeper …Erythema multiforme is an immune-mediated, typically self-limiting, mucocutaneous condition characterised by ‘target’ lesions . Significant mucosal involvement distinguishes erythema multiforme major from multiforme minor. Episodes can be isolated, recurrent, or persistent. In most cases, erythema multiforme is precipitated by herpes ...In general, patients with extramammary Paget disease have a good prognosis with a 5-year overall survival rate of 75–95%. However, quality of life can be significantly impacted after radical surgery. Although extramammary Paget disease is usually intraepithelial, it can progress to invasive disease with metastases.Lichen planopilaris is an uncommon inflammatory condition that can lead to permanent hair loss. Typically presenting as smooth white patches of scalp hair loss, treatment is aimed at slowing the progression of the disease and relieve associated symptoms. Treatment may include corticosteroids, topical tacrolimus, and other anti-inflammatory agents.DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages Dermatology Quiz Course - Beginners. Click here for the advanced course. Test your knowledge on common dermatology cases. Join our beginners dermatology quiz … Discoid eczema usually affects the limbs, particularly the legs, but the rash may be widespread. Although often bilateral, the distribution can be asymmetrical especially if related to varicose veins. Individual plaques are well circumscribed, mostly 1–3 cm in diameter, and inflamed. The majority of patches are round or oval. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common, chronic, or relapsing form of eczema /dermatitis that mainly affects the sebaceous gland -rich regions of the scalp, face, and trunk. There are infantile and adult forms of seborrhoeic dermatitis. This benign inflammatory condition is sometimes associated with psoriasis and is known as sebopsoriasis. The mottled appearance of cutis marmorata is caused by superficial small blood vessels in the skin dilating and contracting at the same time. Dilation creates the red colour of the skin whilst contraction produces a pale appearance. This phenomenon is most pronounced when the skin is cooled. The reasons for the reaction are not fully understood. The solar (actinic) keratosis is the most common precursor lesion for squamous cell carcinoma. Histologically, atypical keratinocytes are found in the basal layer of the epidermis. Actinic keratoses are found on sun-exposed sites, mainly face, ears and hands. They are often multiple and have a hard scaly surface without induration (which would ... Feb 1, 2021 · Behçet disease (BD) is a rare, multi-system condition characterised by recurrent painful oral and genital ulcers, a variety of skin lesions, and eye problems. Many other organs such as the gut, nervous system, lungs, and arteries may also be affected. It is a form of vasculitis which primarily targets small arteries, but can affect both ...  · Heat urticaria is a rare type of physical or chronic inducible urticaria. It is also called contact heat urticaria and localised heat urticaria. Heat urticaria occurs following the direct contact of a warm stimulus to the skin. The onset of urticaria is typically rapid (within minutes) and the urticaria resolves within 1–2 hours.Low level laser therapy is a safe form of light/heat treatment under investigation for a variety of health indications. It is being used to treat the genetic forms of hair loss common in men and women, androgenetic alopecia or pattern balding. Low level laser therapy is also called red light therapy, cold laser, soft laser, biostimulation …Aug 10, 2015 · Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic scarring skin condition. It is the most common form of cutaneous lupus. DLE is a sub-type of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. It is characterised by persistent scaly plaques on the scalp, face, and ears which subsequently can progress to …The mottled appearance of cutis marmorata is caused by superficial small blood vessels in the skin dilating and contracting at the same time. Dilation creates the red colour of the skin whilst contraction produces a pale appearance. This phenomenon is most pronounced when the skin is cooled. The reasons for the reaction are not fully understood.Context 1. ... pruning, 21,844 images in 622 sub-classes remained. Distribution of DermNet dataset used in this work is given in Table 1. The second dataset is an online archive of …Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD or HFM) is a common, self-limiting, viral infection that causes blisters on the hands, feet, and inside or around the mouth. It mainly affects children under the age of 5 years. HFMD, also called enteroviral vesicular stomatitis, occurs sporadically worldwide. Epidemics are most common during warm weather ...Cherry angioma is an asymptomatic firm red, blue, or purple papule, 0.1–1 cm in diameter. When thrombosed, it can appear black in colour until examined with a dermatoscope when the red or purple colour is more easily seen. Cherry angiomas are usually multiple. They are usually scattered over any part of the body surface, but are rarely found ...Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common, locally invasive, keratinocyte cancer (also known as nonmelanoma cancer). It is the most common form of skin cancer. BCC is also known as rodent ulcer and basalioma. Patients with BCC often develop multiple primary tumours over time.Link to DermNet's pages about fungal skin infections. Introduction to fungal infections; Yeast infections Candida. Candida general information; Napkin dermatitis (diaper rash) Non-albicans candida infections; Oral candidiasis (oral thrush) Vulvovaginal candidiasis (vaginal thrush) Candida intertrigo (skin fold infection) Paronychia (nail fold ... The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. Absence of spontaneous bleeding (bleeding or ulceration may be due to recent injury). Benign lesions can be classified by their cellular origin: melanocytic, keratinocytic, vascular, fibrous, fat, and so on,  · Autoimmunity is an immune response against the self that usually involves T and B lymphocytes. The particular protein or structure targeted by the T and B lymphocytes is called the self-antigen [3]. Autoimmunity may result in autoimmune disease with tissue damage or impaired physiological function.Sebaceous hyperplasia is the term used for enlarged sebaceous glands seen on the forehead or cheeks of the middle-aged and older people. Sebaceous hyperplasia appears as small yellow bumps up to 3 mm in diameter. Close inspection reveals a central hair follicle surrounded by yellowish lobules. There are often prominent blood vessels, best …DermWeb provides links to various online image galleries of dermatological diseases and conditions. Browse by topic, area of the body, or search by keywords to find high quality … Lip licker’s dermatitis is a reaction of the lips ( eczematous cheilitis) and surrounding skin ( irritant contact dermatitis) due to contact with an irritating substance — in this case, saliva from the patient’s own tongue [1,2]. Other names for lip licker's dermatitis are lip-lick cheilitis, irritant contact cheilitis due to lip-licking ... A dome-shaped or egg-shaped lump about 2–10 cm in diameter (some may grow even larger) Lipomas are most common on the shoulders, neck, trunk and arms, but they can occur anywhere on the body where fat tissue is present. Most lipomas are symptomless, but some are painful when applying pressure.A PASI score is a tool used to measure the severity and extent of psoriasis. PASI is an acronym for Psoriasis Area and Severity Index. Completing a PASI score takes a few minutes and experience to calculate it accurately. Link to DermNet's patient-oriented PASI score tool (PO-PASI) if you have psoriasis yourself or you are a beginner in ...A venous lake is a soft, squashable, blue or purple macule or papule, that is 0.2–1 cm in diameter. Although they may arise anywhere, most venous lakes are diagnosed on the lower lip (on the vermilion margin or mucosal surface), on an earlobe, or elsewhere on the face, neck, or upper trunk.Fixed drug eruption is a delayed type IV hypersensitivity reaction. In the initial phase memory CD8+ T-cells at the dermo- epidermal junction release interferon-gamma when activated by the medication antigen causing epidermal basal layer damage. Recruited T-cells and neutrophils damage melanocytes and keratinocytes.We use cookies to analyze website traffic and optimize your website experience. By accepting our use of cookies, your data will be aggregated with all other user data.Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans typically presents as a unilateral violet discolouration of the extensor parts of the upper or lower limbs, especially the dorsum of the hand, elbow, instep, ankle, or knee. However, it can appear anywhere on the body and can be bilateral. ACA develops in 2 stages. · Autoimmunity is an immune response against the self that usually involves T and B lymphocytes. The particular protein or structure targeted by the T and B lymphocytes is called the self-antigen [3]. Autoimmunity may result in autoimmune disease with tissue damage or impaired physiological function.Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common, locally invasive, keratinocyte cancer (also known as nonmelanoma cancer). It is the most common form of skin cancer. BCC is also known as rodent ulcer and basalioma. Patients with BCC often …Cherry angioma is an asymptomatic firm red, blue, or purple papule, 0.1–1 cm in diameter. When thrombosed, it can appear black in colour until examined with a dermatoscope when the red or purple colour is more easily seen. Cherry angiomas are usually multiple. They are usually scattered over any part of the body surface, but are rarely found ...Common forms of lentigo are due to exposure to ultraviolet radiation: Sun damage including sunburn. Indoor tanning. Phototherapy, especially photochemotherapy ( PUVA ). Ionising radiation, eg radiation therapy, can also cause lentigines. Several familial syndromes associated with widespread lentigines originate from mutations in Ras-MAP kinase ... The solar (actinic) keratosis is the most common precursor lesion for squamous cell carcinoma. Histologically, atypical keratinocytes are found in the basal layer of the epidermis. Actinic keratoses are found on sun-exposed sites, mainly face, ears and hands. They are often multiple and have a hard scaly surface without induration (which would ...  · Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis is an uncommon skin condition characterised by fever and inflamed or blistered skin and mucosal lesions. Neutrophilic dermatoses are autoinflammatory conditions often associated with systemic disease. Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis also has the eponymous …This refers to a depression in the skin due to the elastic tissue within the dermis that is lost. Less commonly, acne scarring can result in a keloid or hypertrophic scar. A hypertrophic scar is the same size as the acne lesion that caused it, while a keloid scar is an excessive scar formation often larger than the causative lesion. Psoriasis is a multifactorial systemic disease including inflammation and epidermal hyperproliferation. Nail psoriasis can involve the nail bed, nail matrix, hyponychium, and nail folds. Theories include: Activation of the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 by Candida and the cytokine overflow theory. Increased expression of interleukin (IL)-10 in the ... Dupilumab (Dupixent ®; Sanofi, Paris, France; Regeneron, New York, USA) is a fully human monoclonal antibody, which has shown significant efficacy and a favourable safety profile in moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis alone and in combination with topical corticosteroids. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Dupixent ® as a ...Learn about atopic dermatitis, the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide, affecting people with an atopic tendency. Find out the causes, clinical features, complications, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition.Photosensitivity refers to various symptoms, diseases and conditions caused or aggravated by exposure to sunlight. A rash due to photosensitivity is a photodermatosis (plural photodermatoses). If the rash is eczematous, it is a photodermatitis. A chemical or drug that causes photosensitivity is a photosensitiser.Festival foods onalaska, Daniel o donnell, Simms chevrolet, Spec d tuning, Tin shed portland, Lost lake apartments, Spring brook resort, Furman university greenville sc, Off road warehouse, Auto data direct, Tienda de colchones cerca de mi, Pmi institute, Jojo's shake bar, Quick visit urgent care

Aug 10, 2015 · Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic scarring skin condition. It is the most common form of cutaneous lupus. DLE is a sub-type of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. It is characterised by persistent scaly plaques on the scalp, face, and ears which subsequently can progress to …. Dr black's eye associates

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Piedra is a fungal infection of the hair, characterised by the deposition of small black or white nodules along the hair shaft. These look like small stones, hence the name piedra, meaning ‘stone’ in Spanish. Piedra is also known as Trichomycosis nodosa or Trichomycosis nodularis. There are two types: black piedra and white piedra, caused ... Perioral/ periorificial dermatitis. Usually adult females using face cream, often topical corticosteroid. Often, asymmetrical first in perioral sites, later in perinasal and periocular sites. Spares a centimetre of skin around vermilion of lips. Grouped erythematous papules and pustules on erythematous patches, flaky surface. Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. Edited by Jean L. Bolognia et al. 4th Edition. This is a popular text, encompassing comprehensive, authoritative coverage of basic science, clinical practice, dermatopathology, and dermatologic surgery for both adult and paediatric dermatology, making it an indispensable resource for residents and … Polymorphic light eruption (PMLE) is a seasonal, acquired, idiopathic photodermatosis occurring in spring and early summer. It is also known as polymorphous light eruption, sun allergy, sun poisoning, prurigo aestivalis, summer eruption/prurigo, or eczema solare. Juvenile spring eruption is a variant of PMLE. Cutaneous vasculitis is a group of disorders in which there are inflamed blood vessels in the skin. These may include capillaries, venules, arterioles and lymphatics. Cutaneous vasculitis has several different causes. There are a wide variety of clinical presentations. It is associated with systemic vasculitis in a minority of patients.Skin as a barrier. Skin is the largest organ of the human body and comprises three major layers; epidermis, dermis, and subcutis [see Structure of normal skin]. One vital function of the skin is to form an effective barrier between the organism and the environment. It maintains an ‘inside-outside’ barrier regulating water loss, and an ‘outside-inside’ barrier …A medium congenital melanocytic naevi is 1.5–19.9 cm. A large or giant congenital melanocytic naevus is ≥ 20 cm in diameter. A modification of the above criteria is used in some centres [2] in an effort to increase the accuracy of classification. Small congenital melanocytic naevi are < 1.5 cm in diameter.DermNet is a comprehensive online resource for skin health information. Learn about psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition with red and scaly plaques, its types, causes, diagnosis and treatment options.Fixed drug eruption is a delayed type IV hypersensitivity reaction. In the initial phase memory CD8+ T-cells at the dermo- epidermal junction release interferon-gamma when activated by the medication antigen causing epidermal basal layer damage. Recruited T-cells and neutrophils damage melanocytes and keratinocytes.A dome-shaped or egg-shaped lump about 2–10 cm in diameter (some may grow even larger) Lipomas are most common on the shoulders, neck, trunk and arms, but they can occur anywhere on the body where fat tissue is present. Most lipomas are symptomless, but some are painful when applying pressure.Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is the name given to a group of rare skin disorders that present with reddish-orange coloured scaling patches with well-defined borders. They may cover the entire body or just parts of the body such as the elbows and knees, palms and soles. Often there are areas of uninvolved skin, particularly on the trunk and ... Periorificial dermatitis is a common facial skin problem characterised by groups of itchy or tender small red papules. The area around the eyes, nose, and mouth are most commonly affected, however papules may also be found on the genitals. The characteristics of facial periorificial dermatitis are as follows. Tinea corporis is spread by the shedding of fungal spores from infected skin. Transmission is facilitated by a warm, moist environment and the sharing of fomites including bedding, towels, and clothing. Dermatophyte infection elsewhere on the skin, such as tinea pedis, can also be transferred. The incubation period is 1–3 weeks. Dyskeratosis congenita. Fungal nail infections. Habit-tic nail deformity. Leukonychia. Lichen planus nail images. Median canaliform nail dystrophy. Medical nail avulsion. Melanonychia. Melanoma of nail unit. Fixed drug eruption is a delayed type IV hypersensitivity reaction. In the initial phase memory CD8+ T-cells at the dermo- epidermal junction release interferon-gamma when activated by the medication antigen causing epidermal basal layer damage. Recruited T-cells and neutrophils damage melanocytes and keratinocytes.Inflammatory skin conditions. Chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis. Otitis externa. Contact allergic dermatitis to nickel. Chilblains. Juvenile spring eruption. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Relapsing polychondritis. Scalp psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and seborrhoeic dermatitis frequently affect the skin fold behind the ear. DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms. This refers to a depression in the skin due to the elastic tissue within the dermis that is lost. Less commonly, acne scarring can result in a keloid or hypertrophic scar. A hypertrophic scar is the same size as the acne lesion that caused it, while a keloid scar is an excessive scar formation often larger than the causative lesion. DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms. Seborrhoeic keratosis is a harmless warty spot that appears during adult life as a common sign of skin ageing. Some people have hundreds of them. Seborrhoeic keratosis (American spelling - seborrheic keratosis) is also called SK, basal cell papilloma, senile wart, brown wart, wisdom wart, or barnacle. The descriptive …On DermNet NZ. View pictures of atopic dermatitis in the gallery below. Atopic dermatitis, also called atopic eczema, is the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide and presents as generalised skin dryness, itch, and rash.DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. · The affected skin may be red and itchy, swollen and blistered, or dry and bumpy. Some typical examples of allergic contact dermatitis include: Eczema in the skin in contact with jewellery items, due to contact allergy to nickel. Reactions to fragrances in perfumes and household items. Eczema under adhesive plaster, due to contact allergy to …Psoriasis is a multifactorial systemic disease including inflammation and epidermal hyperproliferation. Nail psoriasis can involve the nail bed, nail matrix, hyponychium, and nail folds. Theories include: Activation of the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 by Candida and the cytokine overflow theory. Increased expression of interleukin (IL)-10 in the ...Folliculitis means an inflamed hair follicle due to any cause. The result is a tender red spot, often with a surface pustule. Folliculitis may be superficial or deep. It can affect anywhere there are hairs, including chest, back, buttocks, arms, and legs. Acne and its variants are also types of folliculitis. · Syphilis is transmitted sexually from person to person, either by direct contact with syphilitic ulcers or by infected blood through microtrauma during sexual intercourse. Syphilis ulcers occur most commonly on the genitals and on the anal area, but can also occur on the lips or mouth. Hence, sex in any form — vaginal, anal, or oral — is ... Polymorphic light eruption (PMLE) is a seasonal, acquired, idiopathic photodermatosis occurring in spring and early summer. It is also known as polymorphous light eruption, sun allergy, sun poisoning, prurigo aestivalis, summer eruption/prurigo, or eczema solare. Juvenile spring eruption is a variant of PMLE.  · Hyperhidrosis is the name given to excessive and uncontrollable sweating. Sweat is a weak salt solution produced by the eccrine sweat glands. These are distributed over the entire body but are most numerous on the palms and soles (with about 700 glands per square centimetre). Phytophotodermatitis, a form of plant dermatitis, is a skin reaction that occurs after natural photosensitising chemicals (furanocoumarins) present within plant sap and fruits, become smeared onto the skin, and there is subsequent exposure to sunlight. The areas affected become acutely red, and often blister. DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for dermatology, offering information, images, and cases for students and professionals. Find out the top textbooks for …Learn about atopic dermatitis, the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide, affecting people with an atopic tendency. Find out the causes, clinical features, complications, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition.DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for dermatology, offering information, images, and cases for students and professionals. Find out the top textbooks for …Tinea corporis is spread by the shedding of fungal spores from infected skin. Transmission is facilitated by a warm, moist environment and the sharing of fomites including bedding, towels, and clothing. Dermatophyte infection elsewhere on the skin, such as tinea pedis, can also be transferred. The incubation period is 1–3 weeks. · The affected skin may be red and itchy, swollen and blistered, or dry and bumpy. Some typical examples of allergic contact dermatitis include: Eczema in the skin in contact with jewellery items, due to contact allergy to nickel. Reactions to fragrances in perfumes and household items. Eczema under adhesive plaster, due to contact allergy to …DermNetNZ offers a student resource centre with quizzes, cases, and articles on dermatology topics. Sign up for the mailing list to get updates and follow DermNetNZ on …Browse over 20,000 clinical dermatology images from DermNet, a leading online resource for skin health information. You can use the watermarked images for free, or buy the non …What is cellulitis? Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection of the lower dermis and subcutaneous tissue. It results in a localised area of red, painful, swollen skin, and systemic symptoms. Left untreated, cellulitis can be life-threatening. Similar symptoms are experienced with the more superficial infection, erysipelas, so cellulitis and erysipelas are … Chronic venous insufficiency can be caused by: Venous factors. Incompetent valve in the superficial, perforating, and deep systems. External compression of veins. Deep venous obstruction. Previous deep vein thrombosis. Impaired calf muscle pump. Immobility including lack of physical exercise and paralysis. Joint disease particularly of the ankle. Pigmentation disorders are often more troublesome in skin of colour. The melanocytes ( pigment cells) are located at the base of the epidermis and produce the protein melanin. Melanin is carried by keratinocytes to the skin surface. The melanocytes of dark-skinned people produce more melanin than those of people …Cutaneous signs in dermatology are pathognomonic or diagnostic for certain conditions. A knowledge of these signs is a useful skill, which must not be forgotten in the recent trend …Photosensitivity refers to various symptoms, diseases and conditions caused or aggravated by exposure to sunlight. A rash due to photosensitivity is a photodermatosis (plural photodermatoses). If the rash is eczematous, it is a photodermatitis. A chemical or drug that causes photosensitivity is a photosensitiser.Lip licker’s dermatitis is a reaction of the lips ( eczematous cheilitis) and surrounding skin ( irritant contact dermatitis) due to contact with an irritating substance — in this case, saliva from the patient’s own tongue [1,2]. Other names for lip licker's dermatitis are lip-lick cheilitis, irritant contact cheilitis due to lip-licking ...On DermNet NZ. View pictures of atopic dermatitis in the gallery below. Atopic dermatitis, also called atopic eczema, is the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide and presents as generalised skin dryness, itch, and rash.Browse over 20,000 clinical dermatology images from DermNet, a leading online resource for skin health information. You can use the watermarked images for free, or buy the non … DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. A venous lake is a soft, squashable, blue or purple macule or papule, that is 0.2–1 cm in diameter. Although they may arise anywhere, most venous lakes are diagnosed on the lower lip (on the vermilion margin or mucosal surface), on an earlobe, or elsewhere on the face, neck, or upper trunk.Dermatitis is a rash or skin irritation. There are many different types of dermatitis, so it can be difficult to know what type of rash you have. Once you match your … DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms. This refers to a depression in the skin due to the elastic tissue within the dermis that is lost. Less commonly, acne scarring can result in a keloid or hypertrophic scar. A hypertrophic scar is the same size as the acne lesion that caused it, while a keloid scar is an excessive scar formation often larger than the causative lesion.Multiple milia appear on within an inflamed plaque up to several centimetres in diameter. Usually found on an eyelid, behind the ear, on a cheek or jaw. Affect children and adults, especially middle-aged women. Sometimes associated with another skin disease including pseudoxanthoma elasticum , discoid lupus erythematosus , lichen planus.Side-effects and risks. The reported adverse effects of clascoterone cream 1% are mild and infrequent. Clascoterone has a similar safety profile to vehicle cream from existing studies. Local skin reactions may include: Erythema. Pruritus. Scaling /dryness. Oedema.This refers to a depression in the skin due to the elastic tissue within the dermis that is lost. Less commonly, acne scarring can result in a keloid or hypertrophic scar. A hypertrophic scar is the same size as the acne lesion that caused it, while a keloid scar is an excessive scar formation often larger than the causative lesion.Actinic keratoses are very common on sites repeatedly exposed to the sun, especially the backs of the hands and the face, most often affecting the ears, nose, cheeks, upper lip, vermilion of the lower lip, temples, forehead, and balding scalp. In severely chronically sun-damaged individuals, they may also be found on the upper trunk, upper and ...It affects the superficial layers of the epidermis and is typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta – haemolytic streptococci (GABHS)). It can be classified into non- bullous (also known as ‘school sores’) and bullous impetigo. Ecthyma is a deep form of impetigo causing deeper …Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) is an uncommon cutaneous rash of uncertain aetiology . The acute form, pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), and the chronic form, pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC), sit at either end of a disease spectrum with many patients showing overlapping features. The eponym Mucha–Habermann disease is ...Omalizumab is a humanised monoclonal antibody ( biological treatment) that binds to circulating immunoglobulin E ( IgE) and reduces the release of inflammatory mediators from mast cells and basophils. In New Zealand, it is currently (as of 2020) licensed as an add-on therapy for patients with severe, persistent allergic asthma and for patients ... Skin cancers are malignant tumours in which there is an uncontrolled proliferation of any one of the many skin cell types, whereas the normal process of regeneration of skin involves replication of the cells in a controlled fashion. Each subtype of skin cancer has unique characteristics. The most common forms of skin cancer are: Basal cell ... Exercise-induced vasculitis is a harmless form of cutaneous small vessel vasculitis. It is also called golfer's vasculitis. It is a neutrophilic inflammatory disorder involving the small or medium-sized blood vessels of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. When only the small capillary vessels are involved, it is also called exercise-induced ...Carotenoderma is due to carotenaemia. Primary carotenaemia is usually due to excessive intake of carotenoid-containing foods or supplements. Carotene is found in all pigmented fruits and vegetables. High levels are associated with a deep yellow, orange, or green colour. Examples of fruit and vegetables with a high β-carotene content include ...Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch is followed some time later, typically two weeks or so, by the development of smaller scaly oval red patches, resembling a Christmas tree ...Pigmentation disorders are often more troublesome in skin of colour. The melanocytes ( pigment cells) are located at the base of the epidermis and produce the protein melanin. Melanin is carried by keratinocytes to the skin surface. The melanocytes of dark-skinned people produce more melanin than those of people … Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common, chronic, or relapsing form of eczema /dermatitis that mainly affects the sebaceous gland -rich regions of the scalp, face, and trunk. There are infantile and adult forms of seborrhoeic dermatitis. This benign inflammatory condition is sometimes associated with psoriasis and is known as sebopsoriasis. Cutaneous vasculitis is a group of disorders in which there are inflamed blood vessels in the skin. These may include capillaries, venules, arterioles and lymphatics. Cutaneous vasculitis has several different causes. There are a wide variety of clinical presentations. It is associated with systemic vasculitis in a minority of patients.Dermoid cysts occur mostly on the face (outer eyebrow, eyelid, upper nose), neck, or scalp but they may occur anywhere in the body. The cyst is usually a solitary, firm, dough-like lump and ranges in size from 0.5–6 cm in diameter. It can be associated with a nearby pit and/or sinus tract to underlying tissues. Polymorphic light eruption (PMLE) is a seasonal, acquired, idiopathic photodermatosis occurring in spring and early summer. It is also known as polymorphous light eruption, sun allergy, sun poisoning, prurigo aestivalis, summer eruption/prurigo, or eczema solare. Juvenile spring eruption is a variant of PMLE. DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. A free 10-week quiz course looking at more advanced dermatology cases. Created by DermNet for healthcare professionals. Example quiz. This is an example of a quiz. in the …DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND Cold sores are sores on the mouth or lip area. They are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Cold sores can be red, painful, and … Scalp psoriasis is a skin condition characterised by red, thickened, well- demarcated patches or plaques with overlying silvery-white scales, affecting part or all of the scalp. It can be contained within the hairline, though frequently affects the back of the head, or extends onto the forehead ( facial psoriasis ), ears, or neck. . 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